Depression Treatment

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Depression Treatment

What are the types of depression?

The types of depression differ in how they develop and why. The following four types of depression are common:

Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder (MDD) or major depression is the most common type of depressive disorder. People with this disorder may experience any of the following:

  • A loss of interest in daily activities
  • Slower motor movements
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Despair, hopelessness, and sadness
  • Changes in sleeping habits

People with major depression may also have persistent suicidal thoughts and attempts at suicide. Because of the danger of suicide, major depressive disorder must be taken seriously and treated professionally.

If you are having thoughts of suicide, call 911 immediately.

Seasonal affective disorder

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is depression that tends to occur when the seasons change. It usually begins when winter begins and lasts until the season ends. People experiencing SAD tend to gain weight, feel fatigued during the day, and experience anxiety.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) occurs before a woman’s menstrual cycle begins. Women with PMDD experience mood swings, anxiety, and depression. They also complain of tension, irritability, moodiness, hopelessness, and extreme sadness. Risk factors for this condition include:

  • Having a mother with the ailment
  • Having a thyroid disorder
  • Being overweight and lacking exercise

Psychotic depression

Some people diagnosed with depression also experience psychotic symptoms. This is known as psychotic depression. When someone experiences psychosis, their behavior or thinking is disorganized, and they believe things that are not true. They may also have hallucinations. Psychotic depression affects approximately 20% of those with depression.