Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar Disorder

The Types of Bipolar Disorder

Three types of bipolar disorder exist, Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and Cyclothymic disorder. Mental health professionals have come up with this distinction based on the severity of the manic and depressive episodes. The average bipolar disorder treatment program can treat any of these types.

Bipolar I Disorder

Experts define bipolar I disorder, the most severe form, based on its manic episode. To qualify as bipolar I disorder, the manic episode must last seven or more days or put the person into a hospital. Regarding the depressive episode, it typically qualifies as a major depressive episode, lasting as long as two weeks. Mixed symptoms may appear in a case of bipolar I disorder, too.

Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar II disorder manifests itself in one depressive episode and one hypomanic, rather than a manic, episode. Hypomanic episodes refer to less severe manic episodes that do not impair daily functioning. So while the high moods may not reach so high, the low moods typically go very low in this type of bipolar disorder.

Cyclothymic Disorder

This type shows itself in brief, mild, but still frequent cycles of manic and depressive episodes. The episodes must reveal themselves to be so mild as not to qualify for a full-blown depressive episode or a hypomanic episode. The duration of the cycle must also exceed two years for professionals to diagnose the condition as a cyclothymic disorder.

Treating Bipolar Disorder

Though it has no cure, one can manage its symptoms with a form of bipolar disorder treatment nearby. Some combination of medications and psychotherapy (talk therapy) will provide a long-term solution.

Individual Therapy

This involves regular one-on-one conversations between the patient and a licensed therapist. The patient opens up about the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that have led to the need for a bipolar disorder treatment program, and the therapist helps the patient develop ways to cope with those problems that interfere with daily living.

Group Therapy

Here, a group of bipolar disorder patients can speak with a therapist, or therapists, as well as with each other. The hope is that meeting others with similar struggles can encourage one to progress and master whatever obstacles keep one from a healthy lifestyle.

Family therapy and couples therapy are two other forms of group therapy but involve only one therapist. Families and couples who take advantage of this kind of bipolar disorder treatment nearby may, over time, learn how to resolve communication problems in particular.

Holistic Therapy

You could consider a bipolar disorder treatment program that offers holistic alternatives to medications, including guided meditations, exercises, and the taking of supplements like fish oil capsules.